Union approaches to crisis management: COVID-19 pandemic in Morocco, Tunisia, Lebanon, Bahrain.

These four countries in the MENA region are very open to the world, whether in tourism, immigration and accepting migrants.

Their economies are strongly linked to the global economy. Most of them import a large part of their food and industrial needs, depending on the export of raw materials such as oil, phosphate, laboratory materials such as textiles and spare parts. Countries in the region were disproportionately affected by the covid-19 pandemic, which coincided with a significant drop in oil prices. The covid-19 pandemic and the collapse of oil prices are expected to damage the region substantially. The number of injuries and deaths, the economic and social consequences can be reported, such as the rise in the unemployment rate, the loss of tens of millions of working days, increasing poverty and the lack of liquidity.


Department for Middle East and North Africa
FES Berlin
Hiroshimastra├če 28
10785 Berlin


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