Waiting for the State, Relying on the Family - Yemen’s Youth in Peril

Coping with Frustration - A Self-Assessment of Tunisian Youth

Turning Away from Politics - A Survey among Palestinian Youth

Lebanon: The Predecessor of the Arab Spring? - The Youth is Sceptical but not Desperate

Optimism During Uncertain Times - A Report on Jordanian Youth

Turkey and the Mediterranean Imbroglio Peace and Security - The story of an aspiring regional power

Turkey’s assertive and militarized foreign policy have reached their limits in the Eastern Mediterranean, and as of late 2020, Ankara is seeking ways to exit its self-imposed impasse. From a Turkish perspective, the EU should strike a balance between the needs of its associate member, Turkey, and its full members. The recent conflicts and crises in the region intensified anti-EU sentiments in Turkey, and the public has lost interest in the EU membership process. The prevalent sentiment in Turkey is that the EU is backing traditional foes of Turkey, which eventually plays into the hands of nationalist forces in the country. Turkish society needs to see that the EU has a balanced approach and assumes a fair attitude. The EU cannot face losing Turkey, and the EU is too critical for Turkey to lose.


Navigating the regional Chessboard - Beirut Debates

As the year 2020 draws to a close, the conflicts and tensions in Syria, Libya and Yemen have been ongoing for nearly a decade, while the conflict in Iraq has been ongoing almost continuously since 2003. In all four conflicts regional and international actors played an ever more important role over the years, whereas European actors had little to no strategies at hand to contribute to a peaceful settlement of these conflicts. This edited volume presents 13 papers, dealing with different aspects of regional involvements in these conflicts. At the end of each paper, the reader will find a number of regionally informed policy recommendations, mainly addressing the European community, on how to deal with regional actors in a constructive way and how to potentially mitigate and manage conflicts through a more concerted, active and coherent European involvement in the region.


Testimonies of migrant women workers from Senegal

This publication aims at presenting testimonies by those whose plight is widely discussed - but who rarely have the chance to speak for themselves: migrant women workers. Isolated and excluded during migrations full of obstacles and traps, their fate is played out mostly behind closed doors. How can we combat these women’s vulnerability?


Renewable energy in the Arab world Transfer of knowledge and prospects for Arab cooperation

The trend of renewable energy expansion has started to reach also the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. After first experiences have been made since the 80s, more and more countries currently come up with national renewable energy strategies. These ambitious strategies show the will of these countries to shift their energy production from fossil fuels to renewable energy sources. In the time of writing, many MENA countries are implementing - or have already realized - a number of large solar and wind power projects. But, will these achievements really be the start of a profound shift to a renewable energy future in the entire region? What lessons can be learnt from past experiences? How can the countries of the region build up institutional capacities and learn from each other?


Renewable energy transitions in Jordan and the MENA region

Global challenges like energy supply, water scarcity and climate change are strongly interconnected and must be solved in a cross-border approach that needs a common understanding of sustainability principles. For that purpose transnational organizations are needed to address these challenges. Within this publication we have a special focus on Europe and MENA. Sustainable energy visions for the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) often follow the narratives of top-down planning approaches, such as large transcontinental power exchange schemes with Europe or prestigious renewable energy roadmaps laid out by national governments in the region.



Department for Middle East and North Africa
FES Berlin
Hiroshimastraße 28
10785 Berlin


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Our FES experts, partners and guest contributors from Rabat to Teheran and from Beirut to Khartoum will share their insights from the ground and offer food for thought as we jointly attempt to understand the repercussions of the protests started in this region 10 years ago. More


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