Publications

Empowering NGO's on nuclear power socioeconomic and environmental hazards versus renewables as energies of peace

This work represents a cumulative experience of many years of studying, researching and actively revoking the idea of introducing nuclear power in Jordan and the Middle East on the basis of the universal ethical slogan that asserts the necessity to halt any activities that might expose people or biodiversity to radioactivity, if other safer alternatives are available. Revoking the nuclear industry worldwide is also based on the "precautionary principle" published by UNESCO's world Commission on the Ethics of Scientific Knowledge and Technology (COMEST) 2005, which suggests that when human activities may lead to morally unacceptable harm that is scientifically plausible but uncertain, actions shall be taken to avoid or diminish that harm.


More

A guide to renewable energy in Egypt and Jordan

Jordan and Egypt are considered good examples for other countries in the MENA region as they stand up to the many challenges in the field of energy supply, which is still a burden to governments and a barrier for social and economic development in both countries. The high demand and consumption of energy, population growth, limited non-renewable sources (with their negative impact on the ecosystems), human health and economic development have all prompted these governments to find alternative energy sources, revise their energy strategies and take a major regulatory shift in perspective to increasingly turning to renewable energy.


More

Sustainable events management guide

This is a guide for sustainable events management to reduce the environmental, social and economic impact of events, in response to the ISO MENA STAR project, to dedicate the role of the private sector in the implementation of ISO standards in sustainable development in the Middle East and North Africa, the guide contains four main components: First: a sustainable management system as per the 2012 - ISO 20121 standards, with management models for the main steps of the system.


More

Energy transition phase model - MENA Case of Jordan

Renewables could be the basis for Jordan’s future energy system as Jordan has ambitious targets for renewable energies (RE), Shares of RE have been rising rapidly in recent years, and Jordan has a huge economic potential for solar and wind energy that is much larger than anticipated future domestic demand. BUT: Competing visions for a future energy system exist, and nuclear and shale gas are part of Jordan’s current energy strategy discussion. This study fuels and supports the discussion about Jordan’s future energy system provides with the phase model an over-arching guiding vision for the transition to an RE-based future energy system supports the development of according policy strategies.


More

Energy & climate in the MENA region - Youth perspective to a sustainable future

Rising sea levels and more frequent dangerous weather events are among the immediate impacts of climate change already felt across the world. Sadly, these will only become more severe as global average temperature rises. The Middle East North Africa (MENA) region is the area of the world where climate impacts are most severe. Limiting global warming and reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, a priority for the majority of states worldwide, requires that almost all facets of our daily life must be restructured: water, food, buildings, transportation, global trade, etc. The energy sector is the largest source of global GHG emissions, which cause temperatures to rise and climate change to worsen. In these circumstances, renewable energy (RE) is emerging as an alternative to traditional fossil fuels, with these sorts of technologies rapidly improving and becoming more affordable.


More

Transformation processes of energy companies

In this short paper we first discuss the transformation of energy companies in Germany, then highlight the possibilities of energy efficiency services and examines the transferability to Jordan, based on the results of a questionnaire among Jordan energy experts. Due to the low level of research knowledge in the specific field, this is an exploratory research approach. NEPCO purchases the electricity produced as single buyer and sells it on to the operators of the distribution networks. In this system, NEPCO bears the full financial risk. The electricity price for end consumers is subsidized based on the profits or losses of the electricity sector as a whole. Due to losses occured by NEPCO in the years 2011-2012 there was a reduction in subsidies. Furthermore, detailed tariff structures depending on consumption have been introduced. One of the current challenges for NEPCO is the fact that more and more customers start producing their own electricity based on photovoltaic systems.


More

Leveraging urban resilience for sustainable cities in the Arab world

The urban environment of cities plays a major role in shaping the way we live and work. In a highly urbanized world, the urban environment has become a fundamental component to how we use our resources, how we develop our economies, and how we interface with the local and global natural environments. The complex urban systems of global cities play a major role in that. Buildings, for example, determine how much energy and water we use to maintain thermal comfort and wellbeing, while transportation systems regulate the energy required for mobility and how much pollution is emitted in the process.


More

Clean heat in the MENA region

Even though heating is responsible for a major part of the world energy consumption, and by extension CO2 emissions, it lags behind in adapting clean energy. It is also insufficiently addressed by governments. While 126 countries have regulations for renewable power, only 21 countries have regulations for heating derived from renewable energy (RE-H) and cooling. Despite comparatively high temperatures in the MENA (Middle East and North Africa) region, there is a substantial demand for heat.


More

Hydrogen as a green energy source in the MENA region

Green hydrogen is an uprising topic around the world specially in Europe where they already developed strategies for its use and production, this brief document is a great introduction to the topic and for its potential use in the MENA region. Green hydrogen refers to the hydrogen gas that is produced using energy input from renewable energy and can be used to fuel vehicles, de-carbonize industries and as an electricity storage solution. Abundance of sun, geographical location and its need for an energy transformation makes the MENA region a hot spot for the production of green hydrogen and exporting it to Europe.


More

The mobility transition in the MENA region - Comparative policy perspectives

As the state of mobility is looking rather dim, envisioning a future in which the mobility transition enables safe, sustainable, and just mobility within the MENA region and beyond, it must include improving current policies and strategic plans. While there are country specific differences, key elements of the vision include a balanced and integrated multimodal mobility system, inclusion of active transportation modes, focusing on formalizing and extending safe and accessible public transportation, as well as decreasing the focus on private vehicles and participatory decision making processes. Mobility should become a basic right, such as education, which the state needs to provide.


More

Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung

Department for Middle East and North Africa
FES Berlin
Hiroshimastraße 28
10785 Berlin

info.nahost(at)fes.de

About FES 
Offices in the Region

Digitalized publications of Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung

If you are interested in accessing all digitalized publications of Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung, please visit the FES Digital Library. Please feel free to contact us if you are interested in a specific publication.

Visit the FES Digital Library

Blog

Blog

Our FES experts, partners and guest contributors from Rabat to Teheran and from Beirut to Khartoum will share their insights from the ground and offer food for thought as we jointly attempt to understand the repercussions of the protests started in this region 10 years ago. More

Events

back to top