A Return to Diplomacy

A Joe Biden administration would likely make an early diplomatic push to ease tensions with Iran. Biden has said he favors the United States rejoining the nuclear deal if Iran also returns to full compliance. in that case, Tehran demands reliable sanctions relief and compensation for the economic fall-out of U.S. sanctions. During the U.S. transition, Europe would need to shift quickly from trying to save the nuclear deal to forging a new transatlantic approach to Tehran, helping kickstart U.S.- Iranian negotiations. To immediately de-escalate tensions, Iran and the United States could pursue a phased approach, pushing more complex issues to a later date.


To tackle the security challenges in the Maghreb: Focus on regional development!

Today, the Greater Maghreb is a geographical, social and ethnic reality. But, at the same time, it is also a denial of a political and economic reality. Composed of five states - Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya and Mauritania - the region is a bridge between Northwest Africa and Europe and therefore is perceived as a transit zone for illegal migration, drug trafficking and terrorism to enter the European Union (EU). Thus, EU members often regard the Greater Maghreb as a threat, which has severe consequences in regard to support mechanisms for the region.


Invitation to present research papers on economics and social justice

The Friedrich Ebert Libya Office invites researchers for the participation in a publication on ...



Feminist Critique of Neoliberalism in the MENA region

This publication looks at the gendered outcomes of the adoption of neoliberal policies across counties in the Middle East and North Africa and explores what a feminist economic strategy could look like in the region.



Feminist Perspectives on the Green Economy in the MENA Region

Research shows that the transition to a green economy will boost job creation; the global net job creation, considering losses from traditional energy sectors, will amount to 24 million jobs according to the ILO.


Sustainable events management guide

This is a guide for sustainable events management to reduce the environmental, social and economic impact of events, in response to the ISO MENA STAR project, to dedicate the role of the private sector in the implementation of ISO standards in sustainable development in the Middle East and North Africa.


Leveraging urban resilience for sustainable cities in the Arab world

The urban environment of cities plays a major role in shaping the way we live and work. In a highly urbanized world, the urban environment has become a fundamental component to how we use our resources, how we develop our economies, and how we interface with the local and global natural environments.



Feminist Perspectives on Care Work in the MENA Region

Since the emergence of capitalism, the care work performed by women has been a pillar that holds the world economy up.


Transformation processes of energy companies

In this short paper we first discuss the transformation of energy companies in Germany, then highlight the possibilities of energy efficiency services and examines the transferability to Jordan, based on the results of a questionnaire among Jordan energy experts. Due to the low level of research knowledge in the specific field, this is an exploratory research approach. NEPCO purchases the electricity produced as single buyer and sells it on to the operators of the distribution networks. In this system, NEPCO bears the full financial risk. The electricity price for end consumers is subsidized based on the profits or losses of the electricity sector as a whole. Due to losses occured by NEPCO in the years 2011-2012 there was a reduction in subsidies. Furthermore, detailed tariff structures depending on consumption have been introduced. One of the current challenges for NEPCO is the fact that more and more customers start producing their own electricity based on photovoltaic systems.


Feminist Visions of the Future of Work - Middle East and North Africa

Tackling the issue of work has never been easy and is getting more complex as our world is getting more complicated every day. The factors that influence and drive our thinking about work are sometimes universal, yet those which influence the way we work are culture-, region-, and-or gender-specific. Changing political, economic, and technological structures also shape the nature of work and its evolution.



Department for Middle East and North Africa
FES Berlin
Hiroshimastra├če 28
10785 Berlin


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Digitalized publications of Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung

If you are interested in accessing all digitalized publications of Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung, please visit the FES Digital Library. Please feel free to contact us if you are interested in a specific publication.

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Our FES experts, partners and guest contributors from Rabat to Teheran and from Beirut to Khartoum will share their insights from the ground and offer food for thought as we jointly attempt to understand the repercussions of the protests started in this region 10 years ago. More


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